Sex and Marriage: Homosexuality - Palomar College The status of berdache among North American Indians was filled by persons, usually male, who remained members of their biological gender but assumed important social characteristics of the other gender. The so-called berdache of many indigenous North American societies is an example of a supernumerary sex. Sociology of gender exam 2 Flashcards | Quizlet Is the "North American Berdache" Merely a Phantom in the Imagination of Western Social Scientists" / Sue-Ellen Jacobs. Two-spirit - Wikipedia 1. 12. Male berdaches . Note on "Berdache" and Western Colonization Efforts: "Berdache" was a term given by the French during North American colonization for folks born male and given traditional female dress and roles along with (in some traditions) spiritual and shaman related properties and abilities. I suggest this book for research and enjoyment. The Berdache In exploring transgender culture in North America, a terms often comes up that is used to signify this group of people: Berdache. Is the "North American berdache" merely a phantom in the imagination of Western social scientists? The phenomenon of tribes that accept alternative gender roles is actually one of the more widely shared features of many North American societies, with male berdaches documented in over 155 tribes (Roscoe 1994). The so-called berdache of many indigenous North American societies is an example of a supernumerary sex a. based on the presence of ambiguous genitals at birth b. that was deliberately created by destroying or removing a male's testicles before puberty c. based on the surgical removal of genitalia on adult males STUDY. STUDY. Navaho society have 2 sexes but 3 genders. Diedrich Native American Berdache (1) - Deconstructing ... Because these androgynous males were commonly married to a masculine man, or had sex with men, and the masculine females had feminine women as wives, the term berdache had a clear homosexual. Many people ask what I know about the berdache — that sacred person in the native world who is said to be "Two-Spirited" — both female and male. The role of the berdacheor Two Spirit in traditional Native American societies does not fit into the modern categories of homosexual, gay, lesbian, or transgender. berdache. The gender role of Berdache is. 2. This week's guest editor, Antony Hegarty, is a fan of the book The Spirit and the Flesh. STUDY. Rosco brings Berdache tradition to present realities. The term two-spirit was created in 1990 at the Indigenous lesbian and gay international gathering . Native Americans have often held intersex, androgynous people, feminine males and masculine females in high respect. " Men as Women, Women as Men : Changing Gender in Native American Cultures. Berdachism has been cited cross- culturally (in Siberia, Tahiti, India, and Bali, among other places), though the term is used most frequently to describe a tradition found among Native American tribes. institution which occurred widely among the early North American Indians, known today by the French term "berdache." Basically the institution of berdache involved the extreme introverts, transvestites, and homosexuals in Indian society and was a means by which these individuals could achieve societal recognition and acceptance. Abstract The institution of berdache in aboriginal North America is a relatively well‐known phenomena among social scientists, yet a thorough, comprehensive investigation of the institution is lacking. This shift was not complete; rather, it was a movement toward a somewhat intermediate status that combined social attributes of males and females. The term two-spirit was created in 1990 at the Indigenous lesbian and gay international gathering . In Out of the over 150 tribes known to have sanctioned the tradition, only 30 groups - most of whom resided west of the Rocky Mountains - reported the presence of female berdaches. 14. The most common term to define such persons today is to refer to them as "two-spirit" people, but in the past feminine males were sometimes referred to as "berdache" by early French explorers in North America, who adapted a Persian word "bardaj", meaning an intimate male friend. A strange word, to be sure, but one that has a long and complicated history. Concentrated in western and midwestern North America, berdaches were few. Lang, Sabine; translated from the Gaerman by John L. Vantine. The Plains Berdache The institution of berdache was widespread among the Plains tribes. Berdache. How many genders were there in many North American Indian societies? Those writings pre- sented pictures of a pan-Native North American gender or sex category that was allegedly supported in Native communities, in some cases even revered. The anthropologically most well known transvestites who also often happened to be homosexuals were the berdache, or two-spirited, men of the North American Great Plains Indian tribes. 1. Concentrated in western and midwestern North America, berdaches were few. How is this diferent from Western society today? Describes the berdache among North American Indians as a person, usually male, who was anatomically normal but assumed the dress, occupations, and behavior of the other sex to effect a change in gender status. PLAY. The Way of The Berdache Introduction Some, but not all Native American tribes had a social role for what we call a berdache, a transgendered person. What is a "berdache"? The Berdache tradition is a Native American/American Indian tradition that allowed for gender role change. "Berdache" is the French adaptation of these terms and was first used by eighteenth-century French travelers, who mainly applied the word . Nicaraguan men whom Lancaster interviewed about the Sandinistas' New Family Laws in the 1980s. The role varied from one Native American culture to another, which is a reflection of the vast diversity of aboriginal New World societies. Small bands of hunter-gatherers existed in some areas, with advanced civilizations of farming peoples in other areas. THE BERDACHE among North American Indians may be roughly defined as a person, usually male, who was anatomically nor-mal but assumed the dress, occupations, and behavior of the other sex to effect a change in gender status. The Truth About Berdaches and 2-Spirit Identity. A paper titled The North American Berdache, described berdache "as a person, usually male, who was anatomically normal but assumed the dress, occupations, and behavior of the other sex to effect a change in gender status. • People who partly or completely take on aspects of the culturally defined role of the other sex and who are classified neither as women nor men, but as genders of their own. 1. Is the "North American Berdache" Merely a Phantom in the Imagination of Western Social Scientists" / Sue-Ellen Jacobs. In cultures that recognize these people, there are male, female and berdache tribal members. The Northern Athapaskan "Berdache" Reconsidered On Reading More Than There Is in the Ethnographic Record / Jean-Guy A. Goulet. berdache was primarily presented as a positively sanctioned institution within traditional Native American and First Nations cultures. Describes the berdache among North American Indians as a person, usually male, who was anatomically normal but assumed the dress, occupations, and behavior of the other sex to effect a change in gender status. • People who partly or completely take on aspects of the culturally defined role of the other sex and who are classified neither as women nor men, but as genders of their own. An Indian male who dressed and lived entirely as a woman, fulfiling that cultural role within the tribe. M. Carrier, particularly for the genetically a berdache is male but wears "dresses" and . genetically a berdache is male but wears "dresses" and . In general, it involved a socially recognized means by which an individual might assume the dress, role, and status of the opposite sex. The status of berdache among North American Indians was filled by persons, usually male, who remained members of their biological gender but assumed important social characteristics of the other gender. Two-Spirit (also two spirit or, occasionally, twospirited) is a modern, pan-Indian, umbrella term used by some Indigenous North Americans to describe Native people in their communities who fulfill a traditional third-gender (or other gender-variant) ceremonial and social role in their cultures.. These men led the lives of women and had socially accepted statuses--they were valued members of their societies. . In this post I would like to explore the concept of a berdache, where it originated from and what it means. Press, 1997); and "Revisiting the 'North American Berdache' Empirically and Theoretically: A Wenner-Gren Conference," November 17-21, 1993, Quality Inn, 1900 Connecticut Avenue, Washington, DC. Staff View. I prefer the term "cross-gender," first used byJ. The questioners have read my novel One Is the Sun, which is a historical novel about 19th-century native Medicine women. Table of Contents: Introduction / Sue-Ellen Jacobs, Wesley Thomas and Sabine Lang. This shift was not complete; rather, it was a movement toward a somewhat intermediate status that combined social . role in many American Indian societies is referred to by anthropologists as berdache . Common among the tribes of the Americas, these men-women had social and religious powers. He asked its author, Walter L Williams, to write a . / Sue-Ellen Jacobs -- The Northern Athapaskan "berdache" reconsidered : on reading more than there is in the ethnographic record / Jean-Guy A. Goulet -- Cross-dressing and shamanism among selected Western North American tribes / Arnold R. Pilling -- Various kinds of two-spirit people : gender . A paper titled The North American Berdache, described berdache "as a person, usually male, who was anatomically normal but assumed the dress, occupations, and behavior of the other sex to effect a change in gender status. alternative role. The essay "Contrasting Aspects of North American Native and European Civilizations" focuses on the critical analysis of the major contrasting aspects of North American StudentShare Our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. Much Native American culture was wiped out, first in a series of epidemics brought by the Europeans and then by the European Conquest itself. Native Americans viewed sexuality. berdache. / Sue-Ellen Jacobs The Northern Athapaskan "berdache" reconsidered : on reading more than there is in the ethnographic record / Jean-Guy A. Goulet Cross-dressing and shamanism among selected Western North American tribes / Arnold R. Pilling . The 'two-spirit' people of indigenous North Americans. How was women's work perceived in North American Indian societies? . . 1. Navaho society have 2 sexes but 3 genders. . Not much is really known about these people. What is the primary reason men become berdache in North American Indian societies according to North American Indians? The North American "Berdaches" The designation "berdache" originally comes from the Arabic-speaking region, where bardaj or barah meant "kept boy," "male prostitute," "catamite" (Angelino and Shedd 1955:121). Is the "North American berdache" merely a phantom in the imagination of Western social scientists? 12 "Two spirit" has been widely embraced but some commentators have pointed to its limitations. This was my introduction to Berdaches, and I was immediately hooked. Small bands of hunter-gatherers existed in some areas, with advanced civilizations of farming peoples in other areas. . A berdache is not a clearly recognized and accepted social . Some transgender people who desire medical assistance to transition from one sex to another identify as transsexual. In anthropology, "berdache" has come to describe a man or (less often) woman whose gender identity is not compatible with his/her sex. 11. Berdache. This shift was not complete; rather, it was a movement toward a somewhat intermediate status that combined social attributes of males and females. That is a role that apparently had nothing to do with morphological sex anomalies. The berdache tradition in North America was as varied as it was extensive, although it was usually practiced strictly by males. 3. Sociology of gender exam 2. It has been reported among such nomadic tribes as the Assiniboine (Lowie, 1910), Dakota (Dorsey, 188F90), Plains Cree (Mandelbaum, 1940: 256 7), Clseyenne (Grinnell, 1923 and tSoebels 1960), Arapaho (Kroeber, 1902), and Crow (Lowie, 1956) and PLAY. defined as a morphological male who does not fill a society's standard role; accurate characterization is androgyny: not seen as a man or a woman just a mixture of diverse elements. . The term "berdache" is the more common term associated with the cross-gender role. 3. 2. Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from the sex that they were assigned at birth. The Northern Athapaskan "Berdache" Reconsidered On Reading More Than There Is in the Ethnographic Record / Jean-Guy A. Goulet. Two-Spirit (also two spirit or, occasionally, twospirited) is a modern, pan-Indian, umbrella term used by some Indigenous North Americans to describe Native people in their communities who fulfill a traditional third-gender (or other gender-variant) ceremonial and social role in their cultures.. role in many American Indian societies is referred to by anthropologists as berdache . THE BERDACHE among North American Indians may be roughly defined as a person, usually male, who was anatomically nor-mal but assumed the dress, occupations, and behavior of the other sex to effect a change in gender status. This shift was not complete; rather, it was a movement toward a somewhat Staff View. It was originally applied by Europeans to Native American men who assumed the female role, and was derived from the Arabic bardaj, meaning a boy slave kept for sexual purposes. Table of Contents: Introduction / Sue-Ellen Jacobs, Wesley Thomas and Sabine Lang. Cool Western Slang. 13. Final 4: The Berdache Tradition. Transgender, often shortened as trans, is also an umbrella term; in addition to including people whose gender identity is the opposite of their assigned sex . dache (bər-dăsh′) n. Among certain Native American peoples, a person, usually a male, who assumes the gender identity and is granted the social status of the opposite sex. institution which occurred widely among the early North American Indians, known today by the French term "berdache." Basically the institution of berdache involved the extreme introverts, transvestites, and homosexuals in Indian society and was a means by which these individuals could achieve societal recognition and acceptance. The status tended to disappear after Indian societies came under outside political control. Sociology of gender exam 2. Rediscovered and reclaimed as an ancestor to the queer tradition in North America, the "berdache" has come to symbolize an American past of tolerance and respect for queers. What is a "berdache"? Final 4: the berdache tradition to present realities the 1980s & # x27 ; s editor. Sometimes thought of as a woman, fulfiling that cultural role within the tribe Sabine.! Societies according to North American Indian societies the Americas, these men-women had social and religious powers religious.! 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the north american berdache

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Sometimes called in Indian languages a "would be woman" and sometimes thought of as a third sex. Gender role change is the adoption, for various reasons, of a culturally defined social role that is dictated to the opposite sex. 1. The role varied from one Native American culture to another, which is a reflection of the vast diversity of aboriginal New World societies. This shift was not complete; rather, it was a movement toward a somewhat PLAY. Sex and Marriage: Homosexuality - Palomar College The status of berdache among North American Indians was filled by persons, usually male, who remained members of their biological gender but assumed important social characteristics of the other gender. The so-called berdache of many indigenous North American societies is an example of a supernumerary sex. Sociology of gender exam 2 Flashcards | Quizlet Is the "North American Berdache" Merely a Phantom in the Imagination of Western Social Scientists" / Sue-Ellen Jacobs. Two-spirit - Wikipedia 1. 12. Male berdaches . Note on "Berdache" and Western Colonization Efforts: "Berdache" was a term given by the French during North American colonization for folks born male and given traditional female dress and roles along with (in some traditions) spiritual and shaman related properties and abilities. I suggest this book for research and enjoyment. The Berdache In exploring transgender culture in North America, a terms often comes up that is used to signify this group of people: Berdache. Is the "North American berdache" merely a phantom in the imagination of Western social scientists? The phenomenon of tribes that accept alternative gender roles is actually one of the more widely shared features of many North American societies, with male berdaches documented in over 155 tribes (Roscoe 1994). The so-called berdache of many indigenous North American societies is an example of a supernumerary sex a. based on the presence of ambiguous genitals at birth b. that was deliberately created by destroying or removing a male's testicles before puberty c. based on the surgical removal of genitalia on adult males STUDY. STUDY. Navaho society have 2 sexes but 3 genders. Diedrich Native American Berdache (1) - Deconstructing ... Because these androgynous males were commonly married to a masculine man, or had sex with men, and the masculine females had feminine women as wives, the term berdache had a clear homosexual. Many people ask what I know about the berdache — that sacred person in the native world who is said to be "Two-Spirited" — both female and male. The role of the berdacheor Two Spirit in traditional Native American societies does not fit into the modern categories of homosexual, gay, lesbian, or transgender. berdache. The gender role of Berdache is. 2. This week's guest editor, Antony Hegarty, is a fan of the book The Spirit and the Flesh. STUDY. Rosco brings Berdache tradition to present realities. The term two-spirit was created in 1990 at the Indigenous lesbian and gay international gathering . Native Americans have often held intersex, androgynous people, feminine males and masculine females in high respect. " Men as Women, Women as Men : Changing Gender in Native American Cultures. Berdachism has been cited cross- culturally (in Siberia, Tahiti, India, and Bali, among other places), though the term is used most frequently to describe a tradition found among Native American tribes. institution which occurred widely among the early North American Indians, known today by the French term "berdache." Basically the institution of berdache involved the extreme introverts, transvestites, and homosexuals in Indian society and was a means by which these individuals could achieve societal recognition and acceptance. Abstract The institution of berdache in aboriginal North America is a relatively well‐known phenomena among social scientists, yet a thorough, comprehensive investigation of the institution is lacking. This shift was not complete; rather, it was a movement toward a somewhat intermediate status that combined social attributes of males and females. The term two-spirit was created in 1990 at the Indigenous lesbian and gay international gathering . In Out of the over 150 tribes known to have sanctioned the tradition, only 30 groups - most of whom resided west of the Rocky Mountains - reported the presence of female berdaches. 14. The most common term to define such persons today is to refer to them as "two-spirit" people, but in the past feminine males were sometimes referred to as "berdache" by early French explorers in North America, who adapted a Persian word "bardaj", meaning an intimate male friend. A strange word, to be sure, but one that has a long and complicated history. Concentrated in western and midwestern North America, berdaches were few. Lang, Sabine; translated from the Gaerman by John L. Vantine. The Plains Berdache The institution of berdache was widespread among the Plains tribes. Berdache. How many genders were there in many North American Indian societies? Those writings pre- sented pictures of a pan-Native North American gender or sex category that was allegedly supported in Native communities, in some cases even revered. The anthropologically most well known transvestites who also often happened to be homosexuals were the berdache, or two-spirited, men of the North American Great Plains Indian tribes. 1. Concentrated in western and midwestern North America, berdaches were few. How is this diferent from Western society today? Describes the berdache among North American Indians as a person, usually male, who was anatomically normal but assumed the dress, occupations, and behavior of the other sex to effect a change in gender status. PLAY. The Way of The Berdache Introduction Some, but not all Native American tribes had a social role for what we call a berdache, a transgendered person. What is a "berdache"? The Berdache tradition is a Native American/American Indian tradition that allowed for gender role change. "Berdache" is the French adaptation of these terms and was first used by eighteenth-century French travelers, who mainly applied the word . Nicaraguan men whom Lancaster interviewed about the Sandinistas' New Family Laws in the 1980s. The role varied from one Native American culture to another, which is a reflection of the vast diversity of aboriginal New World societies. Small bands of hunter-gatherers existed in some areas, with advanced civilizations of farming peoples in other areas. THE BERDACHE among North American Indians may be roughly defined as a person, usually male, who was anatomically nor-mal but assumed the dress, occupations, and behavior of the other sex to effect a change in gender status. The Truth About Berdaches and 2-Spirit Identity. A paper titled The North American Berdache, described berdache "as a person, usually male, who was anatomically normal but assumed the dress, occupations, and behavior of the other sex to effect a change in gender status. • People who partly or completely take on aspects of the culturally defined role of the other sex and who are classified neither as women nor men, but as genders of their own. 1. Is the "North American Berdache" Merely a Phantom in the Imagination of Western Social Scientists" / Sue-Ellen Jacobs. In cultures that recognize these people, there are male, female and berdache tribal members. The Northern Athapaskan "Berdache" Reconsidered On Reading More Than There Is in the Ethnographic Record / Jean-Guy A. Goulet. berdache was primarily presented as a positively sanctioned institution within traditional Native American and First Nations cultures. Describes the berdache among North American Indians as a person, usually male, who was anatomically normal but assumed the dress, occupations, and behavior of the other sex to effect a change in gender status. • People who partly or completely take on aspects of the culturally defined role of the other sex and who are classified neither as women nor men, but as genders of their own. An Indian male who dressed and lived entirely as a woman, fulfiling that cultural role within the tribe. M. Carrier, particularly for the genetically a berdache is male but wears "dresses" and . genetically a berdache is male but wears "dresses" and . In general, it involved a socially recognized means by which an individual might assume the dress, role, and status of the opposite sex. The status of berdache among North American Indians was filled by persons, usually male, who remained members of their biological gender but assumed important social characteristics of the other gender. Two-Spirit (also two spirit or, occasionally, twospirited) is a modern, pan-Indian, umbrella term used by some Indigenous North Americans to describe Native people in their communities who fulfill a traditional third-gender (or other gender-variant) ceremonial and social role in their cultures.. These men led the lives of women and had socially accepted statuses--they were valued members of their societies. . In this post I would like to explore the concept of a berdache, where it originated from and what it means. Press, 1997); and "Revisiting the 'North American Berdache' Empirically and Theoretically: A Wenner-Gren Conference," November 17-21, 1993, Quality Inn, 1900 Connecticut Avenue, Washington, DC. Staff View. I prefer the term "cross-gender," first used byJ. The questioners have read my novel One Is the Sun, which is a historical novel about 19th-century native Medicine women. Table of Contents: Introduction / Sue-Ellen Jacobs, Wesley Thomas and Sabine Lang. This shift was not complete; rather, it was a movement toward a somewhat intermediate status that combined social . role in many American Indian societies is referred to by anthropologists as berdache . Common among the tribes of the Americas, these men-women had social and religious powers. He asked its author, Walter L Williams, to write a . / Sue-Ellen Jacobs -- The Northern Athapaskan "berdache" reconsidered : on reading more than there is in the ethnographic record / Jean-Guy A. Goulet -- Cross-dressing and shamanism among selected Western North American tribes / Arnold R. Pilling -- Various kinds of two-spirit people : gender . A paper titled The North American Berdache, described berdache "as a person, usually male, who was anatomically normal but assumed the dress, occupations, and behavior of the other sex to effect a change in gender status. alternative role. The essay "Contrasting Aspects of North American Native and European Civilizations" focuses on the critical analysis of the major contrasting aspects of North American StudentShare Our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. Much Native American culture was wiped out, first in a series of epidemics brought by the Europeans and then by the European Conquest itself. Native Americans viewed sexuality. berdache. / Sue-Ellen Jacobs The Northern Athapaskan "berdache" reconsidered : on reading more than there is in the ethnographic record / Jean-Guy A. Goulet Cross-dressing and shamanism among selected Western North American tribes / Arnold R. Pilling . The 'two-spirit' people of indigenous North Americans. How was women's work perceived in North American Indian societies? . . 1. Navaho society have 2 sexes but 3 genders. . Not much is really known about these people. What is the primary reason men become berdache in North American Indian societies according to North American Indians? The North American "Berdaches" The designation "berdache" originally comes from the Arabic-speaking region, where bardaj or barah meant "kept boy," "male prostitute," "catamite" (Angelino and Shedd 1955:121). Is the "North American berdache" merely a phantom in the imagination of Western social scientists? 12 "Two spirit" has been widely embraced but some commentators have pointed to its limitations. This was my introduction to Berdaches, and I was immediately hooked. Small bands of hunter-gatherers existed in some areas, with advanced civilizations of farming peoples in other areas. . A berdache is not a clearly recognized and accepted social . Some transgender people who desire medical assistance to transition from one sex to another identify as transsexual. In anthropology, "berdache" has come to describe a man or (less often) woman whose gender identity is not compatible with his/her sex. 11. Berdache. This shift was not complete; rather, it was a movement toward a somewhat intermediate status that combined social attributes of males and females. That is a role that apparently had nothing to do with morphological sex anomalies. The berdache tradition in North America was as varied as it was extensive, although it was usually practiced strictly by males. 3. Sociology of gender exam 2. It has been reported among such nomadic tribes as the Assiniboine (Lowie, 1910), Dakota (Dorsey, 188F90), Plains Cree (Mandelbaum, 1940: 256 7), Clseyenne (Grinnell, 1923 and tSoebels 1960), Arapaho (Kroeber, 1902), and Crow (Lowie, 1956) and PLAY. defined as a morphological male who does not fill a society's standard role; accurate characterization is androgyny: not seen as a man or a woman just a mixture of diverse elements. . The term "berdache" is the more common term associated with the cross-gender role. 3. 2. Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from the sex that they were assigned at birth. The Northern Athapaskan "Berdache" Reconsidered On Reading More Than There Is in the Ethnographic Record / Jean-Guy A. Goulet. Two-Spirit (also two spirit or, occasionally, twospirited) is a modern, pan-Indian, umbrella term used by some Indigenous North Americans to describe Native people in their communities who fulfill a traditional third-gender (or other gender-variant) ceremonial and social role in their cultures.. role in many American Indian societies is referred to by anthropologists as berdache . THE BERDACHE among North American Indians may be roughly defined as a person, usually male, who was anatomically nor-mal but assumed the dress, occupations, and behavior of the other sex to effect a change in gender status. This shift was not complete; rather, it was a movement toward a somewhat Staff View. It was originally applied by Europeans to Native American men who assumed the female role, and was derived from the Arabic bardaj, meaning a boy slave kept for sexual purposes. Table of Contents: Introduction / Sue-Ellen Jacobs, Wesley Thomas and Sabine Lang. Cool Western Slang. 13. Final 4: The Berdache Tradition. Transgender, often shortened as trans, is also an umbrella term; in addition to including people whose gender identity is the opposite of their assigned sex . dache (bər-dăsh′) n. Among certain Native American peoples, a person, usually a male, who assumes the gender identity and is granted the social status of the opposite sex. institution which occurred widely among the early North American Indians, known today by the French term "berdache." Basically the institution of berdache involved the extreme introverts, transvestites, and homosexuals in Indian society and was a means by which these individuals could achieve societal recognition and acceptance. The status tended to disappear after Indian societies came under outside political control. Sociology of gender exam 2. Rediscovered and reclaimed as an ancestor to the queer tradition in North America, the "berdache" has come to symbolize an American past of tolerance and respect for queers. What is a "berdache"? Final 4: the berdache tradition to present realities the 1980s & # x27 ; s editor. Sometimes thought of as a woman, fulfiling that cultural role within the tribe Sabine.! Societies according to North American Indian societies the Americas, these men-women had social and religious powers religious.! 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the north american berdache

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